|Title: Ian .....|
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Date Posted：29/11/2009 5:34 AMCopy HTML
Please correct me !!
Acts 2 verses 3 and 4.
" ... kai ekathisev eth hens ekaston auton."
= 3rd person personal pronoun plural genitive masculine
as the spirit gave the ability to speak "autois - to them"
= 3rd person plural dative masculine
Thus reinforcing that the antecedent for "esan - they were" is indeed without any doubt the "eleven (male) apostles" because also in verse 15, the demonstrative pronoun "outoi - these" is also masculine as well.
ps Dan Wallace states (p316) "The basic rule for the Greek pronoun is that it agrees with its antecedent in gender and number, "
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Date Posted：29/11/2009 9:15 PMCopy HTML
Good morning, Eric.
To begin with delete "ενς" and insert ενα; but you correctly pointed out that the pronoun is αυτων. Importantly, however, αυτων can be masculine or feminine or neuter, depending on the context. As for the subsequent pronoun in verse four, αυτοις, it too can be either masculine or neuter. What's important in our passage is the antecedent, των ενδεκα αποστολων, a genitive which is clearly masculine. Academic integrity compels me to point out that even αποστολων can be used in a non-gendered, generic sense; however, the surviving eleven apostles were men so the generic qualification doesn't apply.
As for Wallace, well, as you know I contacted him when I initially researched this very point, and he agreed with my conclusions. But once again, for the cause of academic integrity, it's necessary to indicate the full citation from Wallace's reference grammar:
"A pronoun is a word used “to designate an object without naming it, when that which is referred to is known from context or usage, has been already mentioned or indicated, or, being unknown, is the subject or object of inquiry.” Since pronouns are grammatical proxies, they must indicate in some manner that to which they are referring. The basic rule for the Greek pronoun is that it agrees with its antecedent in gender and number, but its case is determined by the pronoun’s function in its own clause. This concord principle, however, has many exceptions."
Anyone who would seek to dispute my exegeses on the matter, would have to (a) identify that an exception is possible, and (b) prove that it is necessary